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How to identify loan scams

20TH MAY 2022


Person using a computer

Sarah Lenette, one of Starling’s financial crime specialists, offers advice on how to protect yourself from loan fraud.

Looking for a loan can feel confusing at the best of times. Something that you might not consider when searching online, is if the company you’re communicating with is genuine or actually impersonating a legitimate lender. In this blog, we’ll look at loan scams and what you can do to avoid them.

Scammers have been known to set up websites that appear to belong to genuine lenders. These sites may offer loans to those unable to obtain credit elsewhere, or offer large sums with low interest rates.

These scam websites can show up when searching for loans on common search engines. Adverts placed on search engines are not yet strictly regulated, so don’t be fooled into thinking that publishing an ad on the internet makes a company legitimate!

Criminals might also approach individuals who have entered their information into fake ‘price comparison’ websites, and pretend to be from a respected lender. This could be in the form of an email or phone call. The fraudsters can even set up fake social media accounts for these companies in an attempt to trick people into contacting them.

Why do scammers offer loans?

Once in contact with the fraudulent lender, the victim will be coached through an ‘application’ process where all their information is provided to the fraudster. The ‘lender’ will then request an upfront fee in order for the loan to be sent. Various reasons will be given, such as a processing fee, insurance fee or that a one-off payment is required due to the borrower having a poor credit history. Once a payment has been made, the ‘lender’ will disappear and stop all contact.

How to help protect yourself:

  • Genuine direct lenders won’t request upfront fees - be wary of anyone requesting this

  • Take Five - Take a moment to research the company and don’t be pressured to act quickly - trying to rush people is a common technique employed by scammers

  • All lenders must be regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA). You can check this by searching for a company on the Financial Services Register. Make sure any contact details and websites you are using match what is on the register. It will also advise you if the company has been impersonated in the past

  • Checking reviews on a site like Trustpilot will help give you an insight into if other people have had a good experience with the company

  • Our blog on online shopping scams provides advice on how to spot a fake website. Check it out for tips on what to look for

  • If the offer looks too good to be true, it normally is. If the interest rates are exceptionally low compared to other companies, or this company is offering to loan more than other lenders - stop!

  • Be cautious when looking at companies on social media; just because a page has multiple ‘likes’ or ‘followers’ doesn’t mean the company is genuine. Likewise with ads on search engines

If you think you’ve been a victim, contact Action Fraud and your bank. You can also learn more about scams from our friends at Take Five.